School districts should regularly review discipline data to identify patterns and levels of disproportionality along the discipline continuum. School and district teams should integrate the use of data across multiple domains to guide equitable data-based decision-making regarding root cause analysis, student interventions, professional learning opportunities, practices, policies and systems change.
The task force developed standard definitions and data elements to revise the collection of student discipline data in the statewide Comprehensive Educational Data and Research System (CEDARS).
State Discipline Data Requirements
Washington discipline laws requires school districts to review disaggregated discipline data (by student demographics and characteristics, behavior and exclusion categories, length of exclusions, etc.) when developing and periodically reviewing the district’s discipline policies and procedures—with the participation of school personnel, students, parents, families, and the community to:
- monitor the impact of the district’s discipline policies, procedures, and practices
- update the district’s discipline policies and procedures to improve fairness and equity in the administration of discipline.
RCW 28A.600.460: Classroom discipline—Policies—Classroom placement of student offenders—Data on disciplinary actions.
RCW 28A.600.490: Discipline task force—Development of standard definitions—Development of data collection standards—Membership—Statewide student data system revision.
RCW 28A.300.042: Collection and submittal of student—level data—Student data—related reports—Disaggregation of data by subgroups—Modification of statewide student data systems.
RCW 28A.300.046: "Student absence from school"—Rules—Collection of attendance and discipline data.
RCW 28A.320.211: Discipline policies, procedures, and rules—Dissemination of information—Use of disaggregated data—Review
WAC 392-400-110(2): Discipline policies and procedures—Development and review
Washington civil rights laws require school districts to review disaggregated discipline data, including by race/ethnicity, to identify and address discrimination against students in protected classes identified in chapters 28A.640 and 28A.642 RCW. While the process districts adopt for using disaggregated discipline data under state discipline laws may also include reviewing data to prevent and address discrimination, districts must ensure they review disaggregated discipline data in accordance with WAC 392-190-048 at least annually. For information regarding civil rights laws and discipline, refer to Preventing and Addressing Discrimination in Student Discipline and contact OSPI’s Office of Equity and Civil Rights.
WAC 392-190-048: Access to course offerings—Student discipline and corrective action.
Federal Discipline Data Requirements
Under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), for school districts receiving Title I, Part A funds, the district’s plan must include how the district “will support efforts to reduce the overuse of discipline practices that remove students from the classroom, which may include identifying and supporting schools with high rates of discipline, disaggregated by […] subgroups of students” in accordance with Sec. 1112(b)(11).