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High School Curriculum

Ancient Civilization History and World History Tool

Native Knowledge 360° - PNW Inquiries - Grades 9-12

Why Do the Foods We Eat Matter?

This inquiry provides perspectives from Native American community members, images, objects, and other sources to help students and teachers understand the important connections between foods and cultures for Native People of the Pacific Northwest. Discover how Native Nations of the Pacific Northwest take action to protect and sustain salmon, water, and homelands.

Standards for Social Studies, English Language Arts, Environmental and Sustainability Education, and Social Emotional Learning-Why Do The Foods We Eat Matter?

The Fish Wars: What Kinds of Actions Can Lead to Justice?

This inquiry provides perspectives from Native American community members and their supporters, images, news footage, an interactive timeline, and other sources about an important campaign to secure the treaty rights and sovereignty of Native Nations of the Pacific Northwest. Explore the many actions Native Nations took to address injustices.

Standards for Social Studies, English Language Arts, Environmental and Sustainability Education, and Social Emotional Learning-What Kinds of Actions Can Lead to Justice?

Essential Questions

  1. How does the physical geography affect Northwest Tribes' culture, economy, and where they choose to settle and trade?
  2. What is the legal status of the Tribes who negotiated or who did not enter into United States treaties?
  3. What were the political, economic, and cultural forces that led to the treaties?
  4. What are the ways in which Tribes respond to the threats and outside pressure to extinguish their cultures and independence?
  5. What do local Tribes do to meet the challenges of reservation life; and, as sovereign nations, do to meet the economic and cultural needs of their Tribal communities?

High School Outcomes

By the time Washington State students leave high school, they will:

  • recognize landmark court decisions and legislation that affected and continue to affect Tribal sovereignty;
  • understand that Tribal sovereignty protects Tribes' ways of life and the development of their nations;
  • understand that Tribal, state, and federal agencies often work together toward the same goal;
  • explain the governmental structure of at least one Tribe in their community; and
  • distinguish between federally and non-federally recognized Tribes.

Alignment with Washington State Learning Standards*

*Refer to unit overview page for standards alignment of specific Since Time Immemorial lessons. 

Creative Commons license image
Except where otherwise noted, "Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State" by Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in partnership with the Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. All logos are property of their respective owners.