Learning Assistance Program (LAP)
The Learning Assistance Program (LAP) offers supplemental services for K–12 students scoring below grade-level standard in English Language Arts (ELA) and Mathematics. These services focus on accelerating student growth to make progress towards grade level and addressing barriers preventing students from accessing core instruction. They may include academic readiness skill development or behavior supports. The intent is for LAP-served students to increase academic growth during the period of time they are provided services. Watch a full overview of LAP focusing on the purpose, menus of best practices, allowable activities, and more.
A student is eligible for LAP services if they score below grade-level standard in ELA or Mathematics. Districts must use multiple measures of performance in determining student eligibility.
LAP Readiness to Learn (RTL) programs are designed to serve students significantly at risk of not being successful in school. These students do not need to have been identified as scoring below grade-level standard in math or ELA to participate in RTL programs. Each district determines the eligibility criteria for student participation in RTL programs. Student Eligibility (RCW 28A.165.015)
K–4 Focus First
Strengthening Student Educational Outcomes (SSEO), ESSB 5946 (2013) and amended by SSB 5803 (2015) included several school and district mandates related to K–4 literacy. K-4 Focus First (RCW 28A.165.005)
Districts implementing LAP services must:
- Focus first on addressing the needs of K–4 students in reading or reading readiness skills.
- Use data when developing programs.
- Provide the most effective and efficient practices when implementing supplemental instruction.
- Approximately 50 percent of all K–4 LAP-enrolled students are receiving ELA or readiness services.
Readiness To Learn (RTL)
RTL programs provide academic and non-academic supports for students at risk of not being successful in school.
- These supports may be offered in partnership with community-based organizations, or offered in-house by the LEA.
- The goal of RTL is to reduce barriers to learning, strengthen engagement, and ensure all students are able to attend school ready to learn.
Up to five percent of a LEA's total LAP allocation may be used for activities associated with Readiness to Learn (RTL). (WAC 392-162-041)
The LEA's school board must approve any community-based partnerships (iGrants FP 218, p.2).
Washington State Laws and Regulations
- LAP Rule Revision for 2017–18 to Align with Engrossed HB 2242
- Chapter 392-162 WAC SPECIAL SERVICE PROGRAM-LEARNING ASSISTANCE
- RCW 28A.165.005 Section (2) Focus on reading literacy
- RCW 28A.165.035 Section (2) Development and use of state menus of best practices and strategies
LAP Infographic Poster
- English 8x11 | English 11x17
- Chinese 8x11 | Chinese 11X17
- Korean 8x11 | Korean 11x17
- Punjabi 8x11 | Punjabi 11x17
- Russian 8x11 | Russian 11x17
- Somali 8x11 | Somali 11x17
- Spanish 8x11 | Spanish 11x17
- Tagalog 8x11 | Tagalog 11x17
- Vietnamese 8x11 | Vietnamese 11x17
Title I, Part A funding can support early learning and Kindergarten to grade 12. These programs and services provide customized instruction and curricula that helps students meet academic standards and take an active, engaged interest in what they can learn and do.