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Home » Policy & Funding » Special Education » Special Education Funding In Washington State

Special Education Funding In Washington State

Contact Information

360-725-6075
TTY:
360-664-3631

There are two primary sources of revenue to support special education services to students: basic education and special education. Each student receiving special education and related services is first and foremost a basic education student.

The state special education formula has two parts. The first part is for calculating funding for students ages 3-5 who are not enrolled in kindergarten and are eligible for and receiving special education services. The second part applies to students ages 5-21 who are eligible for and receiving special education services and enrolled in K-12. 

Special education funding is in addition to, or in “excess” of, the full basic education allocation (BEA) available for any student. The result is that school districts have two primary sources of revenue to support special education services to students: basic education and special education.

The allocation for students with disabilities is indexed at 13.5 percent of the resident K-21 full time enrollment. The allocation for students with disabilities aged birth to 5 and not yet enrolled in kindergarten is not indexed.

Special Education Allocation Formulas

Allocation for students ages 3–5 not enrolled in kindergarten:

The annual average headcount of students ages 3–5 who have not enrolled in kindergarten who are eligible for and receiving special education, multiplied by the district's BEA, multiplied by 1.15.

Example:
Your district has 10 students, ages 3–5 not enrolled in kindergarten, and eligible for special education services.
Your district's BEA is $5,022.90
Your district receives $57,763

10 students * $5,022.90 BEA * 1.15 = $57,763

Allocation for students ages 5-21 and enrolled in K–12:

The annual average headcount of students eligible for and receiving special education services ages 5–21 and enrolled in K–12 (limited to 13.5 percent of annual average K–12 resident FTE), multiplied by the district's BEA, multiplied by the special education cost multiplier rate of:

  • 1.0075 for students eligible for and receiving special education who spend 80 percent or more of their school day in general education settings.
  • 0.995 for students eligible for and receiving special education who spend less than 80 percent of their school day in general education settings.

Example:
Your district has 1000 basic education students
Your district has 135 students with IEPs
Your district's BEA is $5,022.90
Your district's Fed Funds Integration Rate Per Student is $17.75  

  • Tier 1 Multiplier: (1000 * 13.5%) * (($5,022.90 * 1.0075) - 17.75) = $680,780.93
  • Tier 2 Multiplier: (1000 * 13.5%) * (($5,022.90 * 0.995) - 17.75) = $672,304.79

State Special Education Funding For Districts

  • Go to OSPI's Apportionment Report Index web page
  • On the Apportionment Web page, select your district from the drop down menu in the center of the Web page
  • Select Report 1220 Special Education Allocation

For questions about state special education funding please contact the Apportionment Office at 360-725-6300.

Federal IDEA Part B funds are allocated to states and local districts on a census based formula of eligible children age 3-21 receiving special education and related services on the established count date.

Federal IDEA Part B funds

  • Section 611 - for eligible students aged 3–21
  • Section 619 - for eligible students aged 3–5

IDEA Part B Sections 611 & 619 

IDEA Part B Sections 611 & 619 flow-through allocations to LEAs are based on three distribution factors:

  • A BASE amount is allocated based on 75% of FY1999's federal grant for minimum flow-through required by Federal IDEA Statute;
  • 85% of remaining funds are allocated on the basis of relative POPULATION of children aged 3–21. This is the previous year's October Enrollment of Public and Private Schools (final October Student Enrollment Report submitted to OSPI); and
  • 15% of remaining funds are allocated based on POVERTY in which the previous year's October Free and Reduced School Lunch rates are used.

School District Allocation Tables

These tables detail the amount of federal funding each district received by school year.

Federal Special Education Funding

Tools & Templates

Excess Cost

Federal Fund Application

Fiscal Monitoring

Maintenance of Effort

Other Tools & Templates