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Home » Policy & Funding » Special Education » Special Education Funding In Washington State

Special Education Funding In Washington State

Contact Information

Special Education Operations

360-725-6075
TTY:
360-664-3631
Tina Pablo-Long
360-725-6075

There are two primary sources of revenue to support special education services to students: basic education and special education. Each student receiving special education and related services is first and foremost a basic education student.

The state special education formula consists of a basic education allocation for children with disabilities ages 5 and enrolled in kindergarten to 21, plus a supplemental allocation for students with disabilities aged birth through 5 and not yet enrolled in kindergarten. The allocation for students with disabilities is indexed at 13.5 percent of the resident K-21 full time enrollment. The allocation for students with disabilities aged birth to 5 and not yet enrolled in kindergarten is not indexed.

Birth through Two & Three through Pre-Kindergarten Special Education Allocation Formula

  • The annual average headcount of birth through age 5 and not enrolled in kindergarten special education enrollment, times the district's basic education allocation (BEA) rate per student, times 1.15.
  • Example:
    Your district has 10 birth through pre-kindergarten students
    Your district's BEA is $5,022.90
    Your district receives $57,763

    10 students * $5,022.90 BEA * 1.15 = $57,763

K–21 Special Education Allocation Formula

  • For students with disabilities aged K–21, the annual average headcount of age Kindergarten-age 21 special education enrollment, limited to 13.5 percent of annual average K-12 resident FTE, times the district's BEA rate, times .995.
  • Example: Your district has 1000 basic education students
    Your district has 135 students with IEPs
    Your district's BEA is $5,022.90
    Your district's Fed Funds Integration Rate Per Student is $17.75

    (1000 * 13.5%) * (($5,022.90 * .995) - 17.75) = $672,305.40

State Special Education Funding For Districts

Questions about State Special Education Funding

  • Contact the Apportionment office at 360-725-6300

Federal IDEA Part B funds are allocated to states and local districts on a census based formula of eligible children age 3-21 receiving special education and related services on the established count date.

Federal IDEA Part B funds

  • Section 611 - for eligible students aged 3–21
  • Section 619 - for eligible students aged 3–5

IDEA Part B Sections 611 & 619 

IDEA Part B Sections 611 & 619 flow-through allocations to LEAs are based on three distribution factors:

  • A BASE amount is allocated based on 75% of FY1999's federal grant for minimum flow-through required by Federal IDEA Statute;
  • 85% of remaining funds are allocated on the basis of relative POPULATION of children aged 3–21. This is the previous year's October Enrollment of Public and Private Schools (final October Student Enrollment Report submitted to OSPI); and
  • 15% of remaining funds are allocated based on POVERTY in which the previous year's October Free and Reduced School Lunch rates are used.

School District Allocation Tables

These tables detail the amount of federal funding each district received by school year.

Federal Special Education Funding

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