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Elementary Curriculum

Ancient Civilization History and World History Tool

Essential Questions

  1. How does physical geography affect Northwest Tribes' culture, economy, and where they choose to settle and trade?
  2. What is the legal status of the Tribes who negotiated or who did not enter into United States treaties?
  3. What were the political, economic, and cultural forces that led to the treaties?
  4. What are the ways in which Tribes respond to the threats and outside pressure to extinguish their cultures and independence?
  5. What do local Tribes do to meet the challenges of reservation life: and, as sovereign nations, what do local Tribes do to meet the economic and cultural needs of their Tribal communities?

Elementary Outcomes

By the time Washington State students leave elementary school, they will:

  • Understand that over 500 independent tribal nations exist within the United States today, and that they interact with the United States, as well as each other, on a government-to-government basis;
  • Understand tribal sovereignty is "a way that tribes govern themselves in order to keep and support their ways of life";
  • Understand that tribal sovereignty predates treaty times;
  • Understand how the treaties that tribal nations entered into with the United States government limited their sovereignty; and
  • Identify the names and locations of tribes in their area.

Alignment with Washington State Learning Standards*

*Refer to unit overview page for standards alignment of specific Since Time Immemorial lessons. 

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Except where otherwise noted, "Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State" by Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in partnership with the Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. All logos are property of their respective owners.