HIV and Sexual Health Education Resources
Sexual Health Education
- Sexual Health Education
- Family-Child Communication
- Safe and Supportive Schools
- Sexual Health
- Webinars and Training
Sexual Health Education
Districts that choose to offer sexual health education must comply with the Healthy Youth Act, which is based on the legislature's finding "that young people should have the knowledge and skills necessary to build healthy relationships, and to protect themselves from unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV infection." The law defines comprehensive sexual health education, which must be age-appropriate, medically accurate, evidence-informed, address both abstinence and other prevention methods, and appropriate for all students regardless of gender, race, disability status or sexual orientation.
Online & Remote Learning Resources
See our Training/Staff Development page for Online Professional Development opportunities
- AMAZE COVID-19 resources for teaching sexual health remotely.
- ETR - Adapting Sexual Health Education for a Virtual Environment
- HIV and Me: Marissa’s Story, video developed to support the KNOW curriculum for 5th grade. Should be used with teacher’s discussion guide.
- King Co. Sexual Assault Resource Center (KCSARC) "What are Boundaries" and "What is Consent," sexual violence prevention online resources for middle and high school. Videos with handouts and worksheets.
- Oregon Dept. of Education – Key Tips for Sexuality Education and Erin’s Law Instruction During Distance Learning. This document refers to Oregon’s requirements, but all teaching tips are relevant for educators in any state.
- Seattle Public Schools, Puberty and You video. Available on YouTube, close captioned with auto-translate function.
- Understanding HIV/AIDS: Learn the Facts, Fight the Stigma, Stay Safe, video developed to support the KNOW curriculum for 6th grade.
Health/Sexual Health Education Standards
- WA Health and Physical Education K-12 Standards
- Sexual Health Education Standards Comparison (2018) provides a comparison of the 2016 WA Health Education K-12 Learning Standards and the National Sexuality Education Standards. This document will be useful for curriculum alignment and planning purposes and may be used in conjunction with the 2013 Standards Comparison.
- Sexual Health Education Standards Comparison (2013) provides a comparison of National Sexuality Education Standards, ELA Common Core State Standards, WA 2005 Guidelines, the Healthy Youth Act and the 2008 K-12 Health and Fitness Learning Standards. Sample activities to link sexual health education and ELA standards are provided.
- Health Education K-12 Learning Standards: Focus on Sexual Health - PowerPoint and audio recording
Instructional Materials, Reviews, Scope, & Sequence
- 2015-19 Reviewed SHE Instructional Materials List - a list of sexual health instructional materials reviewed by OSPI and DOH in 2015 and 2017, and found to be consistent with WA State requirements for school-based instruction (Healthy Youth Act and AIDS Omnibus Act).
- Developing a Scope and Sequence for Sexual Health Education from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Instructional Materials Reviews and Supports - tools for assessing curricula for use in WA schools, curriculum review reports.
- School-Based Sexual Health Education Guidance Tool, ETR - curriculum planning tool offering a step-by-step process for implementing an effective curriculum.
Evidence-Based Programs and Research
- Evidence-Based TPP Programs, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services/Office of Adolescent Health - searchable database and implementation resources.
- ReCAPP (Resource Center for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention) - evidenced-based resources, tools, research summaries on sexuality education programs
- WA PREP (Personal Responsibility Education Program) for Healthy Youth - Washington's evidence-based federally funded teen pregnancy prevention program.
- "Three Decades of Research: The Case for Comprehensive Sex Education,"Journal of Adolescent Health, Oct. 12, 2020.
Also see resources below on "Support for LGBTQ Students"
- Healthy Native Youth - health promotion materials, including sexual health curricula for American Indian and Alaska Native youth.
- In Their Own Words: Guidelines for Supporting the Sexual Health of Young People Experiencing Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities, Multnomah Co. Health Dept.
- Sexual education resources for children, teens and young adults with developmental and intellectual disabilities, for parents and professionals. Resource list from RespectAbility.
- Sexuality Education for Students with Disabilities, Resources from the Center for Parent Information and Resources.
- Adolescent and School Health - data and other resources, CDC/DASH.
- Child Trends - data and research on adolescent health, teen pregnancy and other topics.
- Healthy Youth Survey - data from WA secondary students on health behaviors and education, including sexual health.
- School Health Profiles - national and WA State data on secondary health education, including sexual health.
- WA Department of Health - state data and statistical reports on STDs, pregnancy, etc.
- Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) - national data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- Youth Sexual Health Fact Sheet - a summary of key findings from Washington's 2018 Healthy Youth Survey and School Health Profiles Survey.
Washington state law requires annual HIV/AIDS Prevention Education beginning no later than grade 5 (AIDS Omnibus Act). It must be medically accurate and must address both abstinence and other methods of prevention.
- AIDSinfo (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services) - education materials and information primarily related to medical treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS
- AIDSvu.org - interactive maps with local/state data on HIV and AIDS, links to testing sites and resources.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - resources, data, policy reports, training, research
- HIV.gov (U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services) - resources on prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, including "Tools to Promote Gender Responsiveness in HIV Prevention Programs for Women and Girls" and a "Timeline of HIV and AIDS, 1981-2016."
- What Works in Youth HIV (DHHS Office of Adolescent Health) - data and resources related to sexual health and HIV information/education.
Research shows that positive communication between parents and their children can help young people establish individual values and make healthy decisions. A major study showed that adolescents who reported feeling connected to parents and their family were more likely than other teens to delay initiating sexual intercourse. Confident, loving parent-child communication leads to improved contraceptive and condom use, improved communication about sex, and fewer sexual risk behaviors among adolescents. (from "Parent-Child Communication: Promoting Sexually Healthy Youth," Advocates for Youth)
- AMAZE - videos for parents and youth
- Girls Inc. - tips for parent-child communication and other resources to support girls.
- I Wanna Know! (American Sexual Health Association) - "Be an Askable Parent" resources
- Let's Talk: Teens, Sexuality & Media (College of Education - University of Washington) - media literacy resources for educators and parents
- No Mas - resources for parents ("Start Talking: About Healthy Communication; About Healthy Relationships; About Healthy Sexuality"), in English and Spanish
- PFLAG - support, publications and toolkits for families and friends of LGBTQ youth
- Puberty and Adolescence Resource: A Guide for Parents of Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder - toolkit from Autism Treatment Network.
- Stop Sexual Assault in Schools - resources and video for parents, students and community organizations ("Sexual Harassment: Not in Our School")
- Talk With Your Kids - resources for parents to encourage healthy relationships and sexual health. In English and Spanish. A project of Essential Access Health.
- "The Talk: How Adults Can Promote Young People's Healthy Relationships and Prevent Misogyny and Sexual Harassment," Making Caring Common Project, Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Safe & Supportive Schools
All students deserve to learn about all subjects in settings that are safe and supportive, free from sexual violence, bullying and harassment. Providing a safe learning climate is especially important when teaching sexual health education.
Dating Violence/Sexual Assault Prevention
- "100 Conversations: Promoting Respect, Consent, and Healthy Relationships both On- and Off-line," from The Power of Prevention.
- The Exchange (DHHS, Family & Youth Services Bureau), "Be in the Know! Sex Trafficking is Real" infographics for teens and adults, downloadable PDFs.
- Dating Matters, free, online course from the CDC, available to secondary educators, school personnel, youth mentors, and others dedicated to improving teen health and reducing teen dating violence. Follow a school administrator throughout his day as he highlights what teen dating violence is and how to prevent it through graphic novel scenarios, interactive exercises, and information gathered from leading experts.
- Futures Without Violence - resources to prevent teen dating violence, sex trafficking and sexual assault; includes resources for high school coaches and athletic directors, professional development events, toolkits and more.
- In Their Shoes: Teens and Dating Violence - classroom training kit to support discussions about dating violence and healthy relationships in one class period. From WA State Coalition Against Domestic Violence.
- King County Sexual Assault Resource Center - offers resources for parents and teachers on prevention, consent, reporting, services, etc. A pocket "Consent Card" for teens includes WA laws related to sexual assault/consent.
- Launch Pad: Engaging Elementary Schools in Violence Prevention from King County Sexual Assault Resource Center - offers resources for parents and teachers on prevention, consent, reporting, services, etc. A pocket "Consent Card" for teens includes WA laws related to sexual assault/consent.
- National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments provides resources on how to create and maintain positive school climate, including a "Safe Place to Learn" resource package, focused on eliminating peer-to-peer sexual harassment and violence.
- School Safety Center, OSPI - resources on sexual violence prevention, internet safety, sex trafficking, etc.
- Stolen Youth - information and resources on child sex trafficking.
- StopBullying.gov - anti-bullying resources for schools and parents from the U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services.
- That's Not Cool.com - resources for youth and adults to decrease teen dating violence, including a mobile app, "Respect Effect."
- Violence Prevention: Primary Prevention Interventions to Reduce Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Among Youth - fact sheet from the Community Guide. Other resources and reports also available.
Support for LGBTQ Students
- "Best Practices: Creating an LGBT-Inclusive School Climate" and other school climate resources (Teaching Tolerance)
- "Furthering the Adaptation and Implementation of LGBTQ-Inclusive Sexuality" Education, from Trust for America's Health, includes summaries of research and data, as well as concrete ideas for providing inclusive education.
- Gender Identity and Expression in Schools - guidance on laws and policies for WA State schools, students and families (OSPI Equity and Civil Rights)
- LGBT Youth resources from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- "Resources for Creating a Transgender Inclusive Classroom," ASCD.
- Safe Schools Coalition provides speakers, trainers, resources and intervention services in support of LGBTQ students in WA
- "Safe Space Kit: Guide to Being an Ally to LGBT Students," and other resources, GLSEN.
- School Safety Center, OSPI - resources to support LGBTQ students.
- "Schools in Transition: A Guide for Supporting Transgender Students in K-12 Schools," NEA, ACLU, HRC, NCLR and Gender Spectrum.
Sexual Health Services
Helping students change risk behaviors requires providing information, skills, motivation and access to services. Youth in Washington have the right to confidential, youth-friendly sexual health services in the school or community setting.
- American Public Health Association's Center for School, Health and Education provides resources for and about school-based health centers.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides resources on adolescent and school health for adults and youth, including fact sheets, links to services, prevention information and data.
- School-Based Health Alliance - resources and training to support school-based health care.