Graduation Pathways, CIA and Waivers
Class of 2020 and 2021
Students in these classes will need to meet one of the following graduation pathways that is aligned to their High School and Beyond Plan.
Most Washington state public high school students will fulfill the assessment portion of their graduation requirements by passing state accountability tests. If students do not pass the test, they are eligible to meet both content areas through an Assessment Graduation Alternative. For this reason, the legislature has authorized OSPI to develop state-approved alternatives for students to fulfill the requirements of a Certificate of Academic Achievement (CAA) or Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA) under WAC 392-501. A CAA or CIA tells families, schools, businesses, and colleges that a student has mastered a minimum set of skills required for graduation. Earning a CAA or CIA is required by RCW 28A.655.061 for the class of 2019 and earlier.
The Graduation Alternatives provide class of 2019 and earlier students with the opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and skills using methods other than state accountability tests.
- ACT / SAT / AP / IB Exams
- Dual Credit Courses
- GPA Comparison
- Transition Course (Bridge to College) if completed in the 2018-19 school year
In a small number of cases, students might also meet criteria to apply for waivers in lieu of fulfilling state assessment requirements.
ACT / SAT / AP / IB Exams
Students may use scores on college admissions (ACT, ACT with Writing, SAT, SAT with Essay), and specified Advanced Placement (AP) or International Baccalaureate (IB) tests, to show they possess the knowledge and skills expected of high school graduates.
Dual Credit Courses
A student who completes a dual credit course in English language arts or mathematics in which the student has the potential to earn college credit may use passage of the course as a graduation pathway.
Armed Services Vacational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) Test
More information to come
Career and Technical Education Sequence of courses and Industry Recognized Credential or College Credit
More information to come
Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA) Options
(for students receiving special education services, if specified in their IEPs)
Students receiving special education services may have other options that can be applied toward earning a Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA). However, a student's IEP team will make the determination as to which option is appropriate for the student-- based on the student's learner characteristics, and taking into consideration a student's PLAAFP, post-secondary goals, and previous testing history. For further direction, please see Guidance for IEP Teams: Student Participation in Statewide Assessments for Accountability and Graduation.
CIA Cut Score (formerly Basic/L2) - on Regular (On-Grade) Assessment
A student's IEP team may determine a student's passing score as the CIA Cut Score, established within the Level 2, or Basic, score range on the state Mathematics or ELA assessment. The CIA Cut Score cannot be used for meeting standard in district federal accountability reporting, but can be used to fulfill state assessment graduation requirements to earn a CIA. Applicable students may use the CIA cut score option when participating in federal accountability assessment administrations.
Locally Determined Assessments (LDA)
An LDA is a series of state-prescribed assessments that can be selected and administered at the local school level. They are available in the content areas of mathematics and ELA (comprised of a reading LDA + writing LDA). Meeting standard is scoring at or above the established minimum Grade Equivalency (G.E.) for the prescribed test or the established passing score. Tests that have been administered in the 10th, 11th or 12th grade can be applied. Students are still expected to participate in on-grade level exam(s) required for federal accountability.
Off-Grade Level Assessment on Regular or Alternate Assessment*
*Use of the off-grade WA-AIM (state's alternate assessment) is intended for the students who have previously met the criteria for participation in the Alternate Assessment (the WA-AIM).
Students receiving special education services may take an assessment specific to a particular content area (Mathematics or ELA) at a grade level different from their current enrollment grade. The student must meet the established cut score for proficiency (level 3) for the grade level accessed. Students are still expected to participate in on-grade level assessment(s) required for federal accountability.
Expedited Assessment Appeals Waiver
An Expedited Assessment Appeals (EAA) Waiver can be approved only if an eligible student has demonstrated that he/she has the necessary skills and knowledge to meet the high school graduation standard and to successfully achieve his or her college or career goals, as outlined in E2SHB 1599. The waiver does not grant the student a Certificate of Academic Achievement (CAA) or Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA).
Out of State Transfer Waiver
The Out of State (OOS) waiver is for students who transfer from another state in the 11th or 12th grade. The student may apply to receive a waiver for the assessment graduation requirement if the student has previously passed another state's high school exit or accountability examination as approved by OSPI. Only tests approved by OSPI will be applicable for the OOS waiver. The waiver does not grant the student a Certificate of Academic Achievement (CAA) or Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA).
Special, Unavoidable Circumstance Appeal (SUCA)
Students in their senior year (or junior year under strict criterion) who have been unable to demonstrate their skills and knowledge on the state accountability assessment or another assessment graduation alternative because of special, unavoidable circumstances may appeal to the Superintendent of Public Instruction to waive a specific content area's assessment graduation requirement. The waiver does not grant the student a Certificate of Academic Achievement (CAA) or Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA).
WA-AIM Engagement Rubric
The WA-AIM Engagement Rubric replaces the process formerly known as the Awareness Waiver. Students who meet some or all of the Engagement Rubric criteria will count as participants in federal and state accountability reporting and will have an Awareness Waiver automatically applied to the state assessment graduation requirement. Engagement Rubrics are submitted through the WA-AIM Data Collection Platform.