Title I, Part A services are delivered in programs that take one of two forms: targeted assistance programs or schoolwide programs.
Targeted Assistance Programs must use Title I, Part A funds to provide academic services to children who are identified as failing or at risk for failing to meet state standards. The school makes this determination based on multiple, educationally related, objective criteria, and places students on a
rank order list. Any school with a poverty average of at least 35% or the district’s poverty average (whichever is lower) is eligible to operate a Targeted Assistance Program.
Schoolwide Programs allow a school to consolidate its federal, state, and local funds to upgrade the entire educational program. Research suggests that in schools with relatively high poverty, students’ needs are more widespread throughout the entire school population. Though the school is not required to identify certain children as being eligible for services or to provide certain students with any specific supplemental benefits, the focus of the program must be on addressing the needs of low-achieving children and those at risk of not meeting state student academic achievement standards. Any school with a poverty average of at least 40% (or if the building has applied for and received a waiver from OSPI) may operate a Schoolwide Program.
Under ESSA, Title I, Part A funds may be used for activities and instruction for enrichment as part of a “well-rounded education”. Therefore funds can be uses for courses, activities, and programming in subjects such as English, reading or language arts, writing, science, technology, engineering, mathematics, foreign languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, geography, computer science, music, career and technical education, health, physical education, credit recovery, career and technical education, post-secondary instruction, and any other subject, as determined by the LEA, with the purpose of providing all students access to an enriched curriculum and educational experience.
Additional program opportunities and coordination with other programs:
- Learning Assistance Program (LAP): LAP is a supplemental state-funded
program designed to assist students in grades K–12 who score below standard
in English language arts (ELA) and mathematics. Being that it has the same
intent and purpose as Title I, Part A (to assist students in meeting state
academic standards), both programs can (and should) be coordinated together
to meet student needs. Supplies and technology purchased under one program
may support interventions for students receiving support and services in the
other. In Title I Schoolwide buildings, LAP funds may be consolidated into
the federal, state, and local funds to upgrade the entire educational
program of the school.
- Early Learning
- Arts Integration that Supports Title I Schoolwide Program Schools
- Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) curriculum and strategic
support to help students be academically successful
- Multi-Tiered Systems of Supports (MTSS), such as Academic Response to
Intervention (RTI), Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS),
and mental health services.