Equity in Student Discipline - Plan: Analyze the data and identify root causes
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Student Discipline

Equity in Student Discipline

Plan: Analyze the data and identify root causes

School and district teams should analyze discipline data to identify patterns, determine root causes of discipline disparities, and guide planning and decision-making. Under state law, each district and charter school must review discipline data disaggregated by race, disability, ELL-status, and sex—at least annually—to identify disparities and monitor progress toward eliminating them. Each district—with input from families, students, staff, and community members—should develop a plan to address its discipline challenges and inform changes in policy and practice.

Understand the Law

Laws, Regulations, and Monitoring


Understand the Data

Discipline Data Analytics
Interactive worksheets, charts, and animations at state and district levels that report discipline and rates by student group

Data Reporting


Plan and Self-Assess

Addressing the Root Causes of Disparities in School Discipline: An Educator's Action Planning Guide

Resource Guide for Superintendent Action--Improving School Climate and Discipline (U.S. Department of Education)

Advancing School Discipline Reform (American Institutes for Research, NASBE) includes success stories, discussion questions, and talking points

School Discipline Summit Planning Guide (NDTAC) A step-by-step guide for planning a local or regional summit on student discipline

Self-Assessment Tracking Guides: These guides, developed by the Supportive School Discipline Initiative, help schools complete a preliminary, high-level assessment of strategies and guiding principles for improving school climate and discipline.

Leadership for Equity Assessment & Development (LEAD) Tool (Education Northwest) is a professional growth tool designed to support school leadership teams in developing organizational leadership capacity for equity.

Active Implementation Hub is a free, online learning environment for active implementation and scaling up of programs and innovations


Research Root Causes and Strategies

The U.S. Department of Education’s Guiding Principles draw from emerging research and best practices to describe three key principles and related action steps that can help guide state and local efforts to improve school climate and school discipline.

The U.S. Department of Education’s Directory of Federal School Climate and Discipline Resources indexes federal technical assistance and other resources related to school discipline and climate available to schools and districts.

The Discipline Disparities Research-to-Practice Collaborative at Indiana University aims to improve knowledge of discipline disparities, encourage effective interventions, and offer practical, evidence-based recommendations for reducing disparities in discipline in schools.

The National Clearinghouse on Supportive School Discipline provides educators with the resources needed to facilitate the reduction of exclusionary discipline practices to stem the pipeline to prison and the implementation of supportive school discipline practice.

The School Discipline Consensus Report by the Council of State Governments Justice Center presents consensus-based and field-driven recommendations to improve conditions for learning for all students and educators, better support students with behavioral needs, improve police-schools partnerships, and keep students out of the juvenile justice system for minor offenses.




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   Updated 2/23/2016

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