A Guide for Students and Families - The rules of schools
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Washington State Public Education:
A Guide for Students and Families

Student behavior and discipline

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Schools vary in their policies and practices about student discipline. Some are more strict and regimented than others. But the purpose of all school discipline is to create a safe place where all students can learn, and to teach students to respect and get along with each other, their teachers, and other adults in the school and in their lives.

Teachers and other school employees in Washington are not allowed to hit, paddle or use any form of corporal punishment. But they do have the authority to impose other forms of discipline when students break the rules. The most serious disciplinary measures are suspension (which means the student can't come to school for a given number of days), or expulsion (which means the child can't come back to that school).

If our child is breaking the rules and getting in trouble, we want to know about it right away. Sometimes, though, if the problem is minor and the teacher is busy, we might not hear about it unless our children tell us, or unless we are in regular contact with the teacher. If the problem is serious, the school will contact us.

It's not uncommon for our child to have a different version of a discipline problem than the teacher or school principal. When that happens, we're in a difficult position, and we have to be careful.

Dealing with school discipline issues is very hard for families. We want to be sure that the school is being fair to our child, but we also want our children to be accountable for learning to control themselves and to behave responsibly. And of course, we want our child to get a good education.

If we have a disagreement with the school about a discipline problem, it's often a good idea to take a member of our family or a level-headed friend with us when we meet with the teacher or principal. It's also very important to have an interpreter if we need one. And it's important to establish, at the beginning of the meeting, that our goal is to make sure that our child is both accountable and educated.

Here are some questions to ask in this situation:

  • Has my child's behavior or academic performance at school changed? If so, do we know why?
  • Have his or her friends changed?
  • Has he or she had any unexplained absences?
  • Has he or she been the victim of any bullying behavior by other students?
  • Is there an ongoing conflict between my child and a teacher or other school staff?
  • What disciplinary measure is most likely to get my child back on track?
  • What should we do to address the root cause of my child's behavior?

It's helpful, in a situation like this, to take notes (or ask your friend to take notes) so you have a record of the meeting. If English is not your first language, it is fine to take notes in your own language.

It's also a good idea to summarize, at the end of the meeting, what you and the teacher or principal have agreed to.

If you don't agree with the school's decision about a disciplinary matter, you have the right to appeal. Every school district has a policy that spells out how to do this.

For more information about Washington state law on discipline and conduct, visit OSPI's Safety Center: Discipline and Conduct.

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For more information:

Parents' Guide to Public School Discipline in Washington

Discipline in Public Schools

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