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Updated 5/19/2017


Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State
Middle School Grade Levels

Middle School Curriculum

Washington State History
Unit 1: Territory and Treaty Making: The Point No Point Treaty
Unit 1: The Walla Walla Treaty Council of 1855
Unit 2: - available Spring 2017
Unit 3: - available Spring 2017

U.S. History
Unit 1: Fighting for Independence and Framing the Constitution: Revolution and Constitution in Indian Country
Unit 2: Slavery, Expansion, and Removal: Jackson, Marshall, and Indian Removal
Unit 3: Civil War and Reconstruction: Indian Treaties: Goals and Effects
Unit 4: Development and Struggles in the West: The Dawes Act

Unit 3     U.S. History
Civil War and Reconstruction: Indian Treaties: Goals and Effects

Historical Era
1850 - 1877: Treaty Era

STI Unit Overview
This unit examines the relations between Chief Joseph and the United States government during the Treaty Era. The Level One newsletter introduces students to Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce struggle to keep their homelands intact. Level one includes a newsletter and response questions. In Level Two, students will use Chief Joseph's "An Indian's View of Indian Affairs" to explore the history of the Nez Perce from first contact through Chief Joseph's placement on a reservation in Eastern Washington, and compare maps of the tribal homelands of the Nez Perce and their allocated reservations in Idaho and Oklahoma. Students will then create a story board illustrating their understanding of significant events in the struggles between the Nez Perce and the US Government. In Level Three, students will use primary sources and other writings to explore the causes of conflict between the Nez Perce and the United States government regarding attempts to place the Nez Perce on reservation lands. Students will use their research to complete the Causes of Conflict CBA.

STI Essential Questions

  1. What were the political, economic, and cultural forces that led to the treaties?

Common Core Standards for English/Language Arts
Middle School CCSS

OSPI-Developed Assessments for Social Studies
Causes of Conflict CBA

Unit Developed By
Jerry Price




Download Curriculum
Level 1 | Level 2 | Level 3

Corresponding Videos
Tribal Perspectives of American History in the Northwest

Contemporary Voices Along the Lewis and Clark Trail



Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, "Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State" by Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in partnership with the Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. All logos are property of their respective owners.