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Updated 5/19/2017


Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State
High School Grade Levels

High School Curriculum

U.S. History
Unit 1: Our Foundation: Foundational Documents and the Boldt Decision (Boldt I and II)
Unit 2: Industrialization and the Emergence of the United States as a World Power: The Allotment Act
Unit 3: Reform, Prosperity, and Depression: Indian Reorganization Act
Unit 4: World War II, The Cold War, and International Relations: Termination and Relocation
Unit 5: Available Spring 2017
Unit 6: Entering a New Era: Nation-Building, Gaming and Self-Determination

Contemporary World Problems
Unit 1: Human Rights - Constitutional Issues: A Tribal Perspective
Unit 2: Environmental Issues: The Boldt Decision
Unit 3: Available Spring 2017
Unit 4: Civic Action and the Economy: Nation-Building and Taxation

Unit 3     United States History
Reform, Prosperity, and Depression: Indian Reorganization Act

Historical Era
1918 - 1939 Reorganization

STI Unit Overview
By the end of instruction, students will:

  1. Recognizes landmark legislation that affected and continues to affect tribal sovereignty and explain the governmental structure of at least one local tribe.
  2. Evaluate how Indian and non-Indian interaction with the environment has affected economic growth and sustainability.

Level 1
Sovereignty differs between our nation, states, and tribes. Students will recall the complexity of sovereignty and recognize tribal governments' status with federal and state governments.

Level 2
Students will understand how the Meriam Report documented the dismal state of Indian Country and ultimately led to the Indian Reorganization Act. They will understand the goals of the Indian Reorganization Act and how it restricted at least one local tribal government. Students will create a graphic organizer to summarize the recommendations of the Meriam Report and purpose of the Indian Reorganization Act.

Level 3
Students will analyze and evaluate the success of the Indian Reorganization Act or other federal Indian policy on a local tribe.

STI Essential Questions

  1. What are the ways in which tribes respond to the threats and outside pressure to extinguish their cultures and independence?

Common Core Standards for English/Language Arts
High School CCSS

OSPI-Developed Assessments for Social Studies
U.S. Foreign Policy

Unit Developed By
Elese Washines (Yakama Nation)




Download Curriculum
Level 1 | Level 2 | Level 3

Corresponding Videos
Contemporary Voices Along the Lewis and Clark Trail



Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, "Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State" by Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in partnership with the Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. All logos are property of their respective owners.