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Roger Fernandes


Updated 11/21/2017


Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State
High School Grade Levels

High School Curriculum

U.S. History
Unit 1: Our Foundation: Foundational Documents and the Boldt Decision (Boldt I and II)
Unit 2: Industrialization and the Emergence of the United States as a World Power: The Allotment Act
Unit 3: Reform, Prosperity, and Depression: Indian Reorganization Act
Unit 4: World War II, The Cold War, and International Relations: Termination and Relocation
Unit 5: Available Spring 2017
Unit 6: Entering a New Era: Nation-Building, Gaming and Self-Determination

Contemporary World Problems
Unit 1: Human Rights - Constitutional Issues: A Tribal Perspective
Unit 2: Environmental Issues: The Boldt Decision
Unit 3: Available Spring 2017
Unit 4: Civic Action and the Economy: Nation-Building and Taxation

Unit 1     United States History
Our Foundation: Foundational Documents and the Boldt Decision (Boldt I and II)

Historical Era
1776 - 1791 Conflict and Alliance

STI Unit Overview
This unit examines how the Boldt decision promotes justice as one of the goals of our nation. Through critical reading, discussion and inquiry, students explore the complexities of a landmark court decision that defines and protects traditional tribal hunting, fishing, and gathering rights that are guaranteed in the NW Indian treaties that granted non-Indian settlement in this region. While students are exploring Constitutional principles they will complete discussion questions in as little as one class period, or they can delve into the issues surrounding the Boldt Decision in creating graphic organizers and writing analyses to complete the “Constitutional Issues" CBA.

STI Essential Questions

  1. How does physical geography affect Northwest Tribes' culture, economy, and where they choose to settle and trade?
  2. What is the legal status of the Tribes who negotiated or who did not enter into United States treaties?

Common Core Standards for English/Language Arts
High School CCSS

OSPI-Developed Assessments for Social Studies
Constitutional Issues

Unit Developed By
Shana Brown (Yakama descendent)




Download Curriculum
Level 1 | Level 2 | Level 3

Corresponding Videos
Tribal Perspectives of American History in the Northwest

Contemporary Voices Along the Lewis and Clark Trail



Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, "Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State" by Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in partnership with the Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. All logos are property of their respective owners.