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Supplemental Resources


For more information:
Office of Native Education




Logo designed by
Roger Fernandes


Updated 1/23/2019

Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State

Supplemental Resources

Knowledge 360° – National Museum of the American Indian
Native Knowledge 360° is a national education initiative to inspire and promote improved teaching and learning about American Indians and includes four online educational inquiries.

Indian Land Tenure Foundation Curriculum
Welcome to the Indian Land Tenure Foundation's website for its Indian land curriculum, Lessons of Our Land designed for Head Start and K-12. Also available are college course materials addressing: Native Land Tenure History and Strategic Land Planning. The curriculum and resources are provided free of charge to individuals who register. You must register in order to view, download and/or print the full curriculum.

Native Case Studies
Evergreen College - Culturally relevant curriculum and teaching resources in the form of case studies on key issues in Indian Country.

Washington State Leadership Assistance for Science Education Reform (LASER) Environmental and Sustainability Enhanced Lessons
The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) and Washington State LASER received a grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to upgrade three commonly used elementary science instructional materials with environmental and sustainability concepts. In addition, the upgraded lessons incorporate Native American stories told by Roger Fernandes (Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe).

Each upgrade was done by expert professional development providers and vetted by other providers and teachers.

Lessons include the following (not live links):

  • New Plants (FOSS) Grades 1-2
  • Structures of Life (FOSS) Grades 3-4
  • Land and Water (STC) Grades 4-5

Native American Stories Relevant to Enhanced Lessons:
How to Use Native American Stories with Upgraded Lessons
Native American Stories told by Roger Fernandes (Mr. Fernandes has been given permission by the tribes to tell these stories).

  • Roger Fernandes Introduction Video
  • Blue-Jay and Bear
  • Beaver and Mouse
  • Changer and Dog Salmon
  • The Coming of Slahal
  • Coyote and Bear
  • Father Ocean
  • The Gossiping Clam
  • I-i-esh
  • The Huckleberry Medicine
  • Columbia River Story
  • Coyote's Deal with the Wind
  • How Fire Came to Earth

Honoring Tribal Legacies
During the latter part of the 20th Century and beginning of the 21st Century, the National Park Service (NPS) engaged in an historic effort to coordinate a massive undertaking of bringing together entities from tribal, national, state, regional, and local communities during the Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commemoration, Corps of Discovery II: 200 Years to the Future. Contributions by NPS personnel made sure that the voices of American Indian people were heard telling their stories in the Tent of Many Voices throughout the Bicentennial commemoration and that the efforts of hundreds of people along the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail were recognized during the commemoration. Presentations in the Tent of Many Voices and the publication, "Enough Good People: Reflections on Tribal Involvement and Inter-Cultural Collaboration 2003-2006," can be found at: http://www.lc-triballegacy.org/. This work led directly to "Honoring Tribal Legacies: An Epic Journey of Healing." The Honoring Tribal Legacies website was designed to benefit from the collective wisdom that can be gained from a shared history that simultaneously embraces the past, present and future.

In this virtual handbook, you will find rigorous, high quality demonstration curricula spanning all grade levels as well as two essential volumes. Volume 1, Foundation Document for "Honoring Tribal Legacies: An Epic Journey of Healing" answers the question, "Why design curriculum honoring tribal legacies?" Volume 2, Guide to Designing Curriculum for "Honoring Tribal Legacies: An Epic Journey of Healing" answers the questions, "How does one design curriculum honoring tribal legacies?"

For more information email honoringtriballegacies@nps.gov or contact either Richard Basch, 503/861-4404, richard_basch@nps.gov; or Dr. Stephanie Wood, 503/520-8125, swood@uoregon.edu.

The Treaty Trail: U.S. - Indian Treaties in the Pacific Northwest
Developed by the Washington State Historical Society: Examine treaty negotiations in early Washington Territory, following in the footsteps of governor Isaac Stevens, artist Gustav Sohon, and the native peoples who were displaced in the process. Complements the WSHS Traveling Exhibit "Northwest Treaty Trail: 1854-1856."