|Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State
Middle School Grade Levels
- How does the physical geography affect Northwest Tribes' culture, economy, and where they choose to settle and trade?
- What is the legal status of the Tribes who negotiated or who did not enter into United States treaties?
- What were the political, economic, and cultural forces that led to the treaties?
- What are the ways in which Tribes respond to the threats and outside pressure to extinguish their cultures and independence?
- What do local Tribes do to meet the challenges of reservation life; and, as sovereign nations, do to meet the economic and cultural needs of their Tribal communities?
By the time Washington State students leave middle school, they will:
- that according to the US Constitution, treaties are "the supreme law of the land" consequently treaty rights supersede most state laws;
- that Tribal sovereignty has cultural, political, and economic bases;
- that Tribes are subject to federal law and taxes, as well as some state regulations;
- that Tribal sovereignty is ever-evolving and therefore levels of sovereignty and status vary from Tribe to Tribe; and
- that there were and are frequent and continued threats to Tribal sovereignty that are mostly addressed through the courts.