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Updated 5/19/2017

 

Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State
Elementary Grade Levels

Elementary Curriculum

Primary Elementary K-3
Pathway 1: Stories and Histories of Our Place

Washington State History
Unit 1: Exploring the Pacific Northwest Prior to Statehood: Tribal Homelands
Unit 2: Living in Washington: Celilo Falls - available Spring 2017
Unit 3: Being Citizens of Washington: Salmon Recovery and the Boldt Decision

U.S. History
Unit 1: Encounter, Colonization, and Devastation: Tribal Homelands
Unit 2: Independence: Revolution and the U.S. Constitution in Indian Country
Unit 3: Legacy for Us Today: Elwha

Essential Questions

  1. How does physical geography affect Northwest Tribes' culture, economy, and where they choose to settle and trade?
  2. What is the legal status of the Tribes who negotiated or who did not enter into United States treaties?
  3. What were the political, economic, and cultural forces that led to the treaties?
  4. What are the ways in which Tribes respond to the threats and outside pressure to extinguish their cultures and independence?
  5. What do local Tribes do to meet the challenges of reservation life: and, as sovereign nations, what do local Tribes do to meet the economic and cultural needs of their Tribal communities?

Elementary Outcomes
By the time Washington State students leave elementary school, they will:

  • Understand that over 500 independent tribal nations exist within the United States today, and that they interact with the United States, as well as each other, on a government-to-government basis;
  • Understand tribal sovereignty is "a way that tribes govern themselves in order to keep and support their ways of life";
  • Understand that tribal sovereignty predates treaty times;
  • Understand how the treaties that tribal nations entered into with the United States government limited their sovereignty; and
  • Identify the names and locations of tribes in their area.

 

 

Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, "Since Time Immemorial: Tribal Sovereignty in Washington State" by Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction in partnership with the Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. All logos are property of their respective owners.