The McKinney-Vento Education of Homeless Children and Youth Assistance Act is a federal law that ensures immediate enrollment and educational stability for homeless children and youth. McKinney-Vento provides federal funding to states for the purpose of supporting district programs that serve homeless students.
The McKinney-Vento Act defines homeless children as "individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence." The act provides examples of children who would fall under this definition:
- Children and youth sharing housing due to loss of housing, economic hardship or a similar reason
- Children and youth living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camp
grounds due to lack of alternative accommodations
- Children and youth living in emergency or transitional shelters
- Children and youth abandoned in hospitals
- Children and youth whose primary nighttime residence is not ordinarily
used as a regular sleeping accommodation (e.g. park benches, etc)
- Children and youth living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned
buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations
- Migratory children and youth living in any of the above situations
The U.S. Department of Education has issued its Non-Regulatory Guidance for
the Education of Homeless Children and Youth.
Non-Regulatory Guidance |
The McKinney-Vento Act provides grant funding to states and, in return, states
are bound by the terms of the act. Washington receives approximately $950,000 in
funding each year from the U.S. Department of Education to support the education
of homeless students in school programs. OSPI, as the state educational agency,
designates a statewide Education of Homeless Children and Youth Coordinator to
review policies and create procedures, including dispute resolution procedures,
to ensure that homeless children and youth are able to attend school.
For more information, please visit our Resources page.