Conducted by: Education Sector
Released: January 2007 (Download pdf)
Overview: This report examines both the educational and political dimensions of time reform. It presents the findings of a wide range of research on time reform, discusses the impact of various time reforms on the life of schools and beyond, and makes recommendations for policymakers about how to best leverage time in and out of school to improve student achievement.
Key findings: Silva finds that extending school time can raise student achievement in low-performing schools, and close racial and class achievement gaps by increasing learning opportunities for the students most in need. But the report also shows that improving teaching and learning is not as simple as tacking on time to the school day, and it makes recommendations for policymakers about how to best leverage time in and out of school to improve student learning.
Recommendation: In order for time to be effectively leveraged as a school improvement strategy, educators and policymakers must understand what is happening in schools today. Toward this end, the collection and analysis of time-use data in schools must be improved. As a nation, we have yet to pay attention to the use of school time in any systematic way and therefore lack a deep understanding of what’s happening in our schools and classrooms.